Teak Restoration  

I knew this was going to be a big job but good looking brightwork is a hallmark of a well maintained boat. It was something I could also do during those cold winter months (well, some of it). I removed almost all the teak from the deck which was relatively easy (compared to other stuff). The little plastic caps covering the holes in the cabin liner all cracked when removing them. Luckily, they are available from the Tanzer Parts company and they are not too expensive. I left the companionway frame on because I was not sure how to remove it. That will have to wait until next winter. The teak was in fairly good shape as far as being protected but there were a lot of gouges and you can tell that it was never sanded before being varnished. There were many layers of coating, some of them chipped. I decided to sand down to bare wood to get a fresh start. Below is the pictorial description of the project:

Removing the old finish

Here is the grabrail showing some serious gouges. OK, some were of my doing when stepping the mast. At least I'm going to take care of them.

Handrail with dings and gouges.
 

Here is a close up of the companionway hatch track.

Close up of hatch track.
 

A group shot. Say "Cheese".

Hatch tracks and handrails
 

I sanded all the rails with a hand orbital sander and lots of 80 grit paper. The many layers of stuff kept clogging the paper. It came out pretty good and getting around the curves wasn't too hard. I finished it off with 120 grit.

After initial sanding with 80 grit
 

When I tried sanding the doors it was just too big of an area and it was taking way too long. A sailing friend of mine suggested a heat gun, used carefully. I guess that's the way most people do it. It worked pretty slick and saved a lot of sanding. You do have to be careful not to burn the wood.

Heat gun speeds up varnish removal
 

A relatively quick sand with 80 then 120 grit to get down to bare wood. What a difference! Who knew such beautiful wood existed under all that gunk. Note that I removed the handle, screen and lock hardware.

Down to bare wood after 80 grit sandpaper
Finishing with Cetol

This is the Cetol Marine Light which definitely looks orange. I guess it is less orange than the original.

First 3 coats used Cetol Marine Light
 

This flash picture shows the orange better.

Flash shows orange color
 

This is a comparison between one coat of the Cetol Light and bare wood. I didn't use a flash due to the glare. I think it gives the teak a warm, healthy glow. The stuff goes on pretty easily too.

Better in natural light
 

Well, here's the finished product: 3 coats of the Marine Light and 2 coats of the Cetol Marine Gloss. It was time consuming because I could only do one side at a time and the drying time is at least 24hrs. I did not want to hang them to avoid runs. The instructions said sanding was not necessary between coats if you didn't wait too long. I didn't sand but I did take a putty knife (my favorite tool) and gently run it over the wood to knock down any high spots due to dust or whatever. By the time I got to the last coat it was pretty smooth.

In natural light
 

This was something I read about in the Tanzer Yahoo group. Most caulk failures are due to too thin of a layer which cannot expand and contract to keep a good seal. By making a little bevel around the screw holes a little o-ring of caulk will form providing a nice, thicker seal.

Countersink screw holes to form bead of caulk around deck hole
 

I also refinished all the little track stops. I needed to make a new anchor locker stop because the old one cracked. Luckily my Dad is a carpenter and just had some pieces of teak lying around. He made one up in about 10 min. Having all the right tools is a big help.

Track stops and anchor locker catch
Reinstalling the Teak

I tried to see if the screw holes were epoxied. I couldn't tell but at least there was no sign of leaks.

Hole for grabrail
 

I am not sure from where all this dirt came. Looks like mud gets washed under there.

Deck where companionway rail was.
 

It came off pretty easy with a razor and some elbow grease.

Lots of accumulated dirt
 

I only realize that some of the screws were longer just before I started the installation. I used a thin nail to probe each hole and found the ones that were longer. Not sure why unless the holes got stripped and a longer one was used to get a better hold. I would worry about going through or splitting the wood.

Bolts for grabrails are not all the same size
 

I put the screws in first. I also countersunk (past tense of countersink) the holes in the grabrail.

Ready for installation
 

Next I placed the rail over the screws and turned each one enough to get them started. The wood had straightened out during the winter so I had to bend it some to get it to align with the holes.

Line up screws to holes
 

Caulk is then gobbed (technical term) around the screws which are then tightened evenly, in order, back and forth until they are tight. The counter sink leaves a nice o-ring around the hole.

Add caulk around screws
 

I waited until the caulk cured and used a razor to cut away the excess caulk.

Screw down, remove excess caulk
 

The second rail for the companionway hatch was a little tricker because the hatch must be supported before the rail is screwed in place. Not too difficult.

Support companionway hatch to make things easier
 

Oh what a wonderful feeling!!

All done! Looks great!
 

The track stops were pretty easy. I could have replaced them with plastic but they add a nice touch to the boat. The T22 doesn't have a lot of teak but just enough so it doesn't look sterile.

Track stop back in place
 

The sanding did make them smaller. Next time (will there be a next time?) I cut new ones.

Sanding made stops smaller but they still work
 

Beautiful!! I now have an appreciation for teak and after looking at some really pretty wooden boats I can only imagine the many hours of labor (of love) that went into them. Fiberglass is great but wood on a boat reminds us of the sailors who came before us and harnessed the winds so we can have fun.

Ready to launch yet? Not yet deayah. The dreaded keel is staring me in the face.

Finished companionway (frame will be done next winter)